Csharp Master – Global Exception Handler in .NET Core 7 & .Net Core 8 Web API (2024)

Here in this article, we will get to know the concept of a global exception handler in .NET Core, its benefits, and how to implement effectively.

In modern software development, managing exceptions efficiently is crucial for building robust applications. One of the best practices in handling exceptions is to implement a global exception handler.

What is a Global Exception Handler?

A global exception handler is a centralized mechanism for catching unhandled or unexpected errors in an application. In .NET Core, this allows developers to manage errors consistently across the whole application. by this application’s maintainability and reliability is also gets improved. Instead of handling exceptions in multiple places, you define a single point of control that deals with any unexpected errors.

Benefits Global Exception Handler in .NET Core

Centralized Error Management

A global exception handler provides a single location for handling exceptions, making your code cleaner and more maintainable. This centralization ensures that all unhandled exceptions are caught and processed uniformly.

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Better User Experience

By implementing a global exception handler, you can present user-friendly error messages instead of raw exception details, which improve the overall user experience. This approach helps in maintaining the professionalism of your application.

Enhanced Security

Exposing detailed error information can be a security risk. A global exception handler can log the necessary details while showing generic messages to the users, thereby protecting sensitive information.

Simplified Debugging and Logging

With a global exception handler, you can log errors consistently, making it easier to diagnose issues. This central logging can be crucial for debugging and monitoring the health of your application.

Implementation a Global Exception Handler in .NET Core 7

Old way to create Global Exception Handler in .NET Core 7

Step 1: Creating a Middleware

In .NET Core, middleware is a natural place to implement a global exception handler. Middleware is a component that processes HTTP requests and responses.

  1. Create a Middleware Class in c#
  2. Global Exception Handler in .net core

Step 2: Registering the Middleware

Next, register the middleware in the Startup.cs file.

Step 3: Customizing the Response

To make the exception handler more informative, you can customize the error response based on different types of exceptions.

Step 4: Logging

For a robust application, logging is essential. There are several logging framework like NLog, Serilog, or the built-in .NET Core logging which we can use as per usecase.

New way to Create Global Exception Handling in .NET Core 8

Now we have New way to Create Global Exception Handling in .NET Core 8

Step-by-Step Implementation

Step 1: Creating the Exception Handler

First, define a class that implements IExceptionHandler.

Step 2: Registering the Exception Handler

Register the exception handler in the Startup.cs file (or Program.cs for minimal hosting).

Step 3: Creating an Error Handling Endpoint

Create a controller to handle error responses.

Step 4: Configuring Middleware for Exception Handling

Ensure your middleware setup in Program.cs:

Step 5: Testing the Implementation

Create an endpoint to test the exception handling.

Best Practices for Global Exception Handling in .NET Core

Use Specific Exceptions

Handle specific exceptions first before the general exception to provide more precise error handling. This helps in identifying and resolving issues fast.

Avoid Swallowing Exceptions

Ensure that all exceptions are logged and not just swallowed. Swallowing exceptions can lead to silent failures, making debugging difficult.

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Secure Exception Information

Never expose stack traces or sensitive information to the end user. Always log such details securely for debugging purposes.

Consistent Error Responses

Provide consistent error responses to the client. This can be achieved by defining a standard error response format and ensuring all exceptions are transformed into this format.

Testing

Thoroughly test your global exception handler to ensure it behaves as expected under various scenarios. This includes testing with different types of exceptions and verifying the error responses.

Conclusion

Its very important to Implement global exception handler in .NET Core to build resilient and maintainable applications. It centralizes error management, improves user experience, enhances security, and simplifies debugging and logging. By following best practices and customizing the handler according to your application’s needs, you can ensure that application handles unhandled or unexpected exceptions/errors gracefully and professionally and provide meaningful message.

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